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1st year lessons UNIT 05 PART 01

استعرض الموضوع التالي استعرض الموضوع السابق اذهب الى الأسفل

م1 1st year lessons UNIT 05 PART 01

مُساهمة من طرف زائر الثلاثاء 24 مارس - 15:26:42

Sequence One: Listening and Speaking.
By the end of this sequence, pupils should be able to:
-listen and respond to a radio interview;
-write an SOS about pollution;
-express feelings, opinions and suppositions;
-mark stress in words ending in [-tion] and [-sion];
-recognise and mark intonation in complex sentences;
-use the conditional with –if.
 
Anticipate: (p 128)
1.     Look at the map and answer the questions below:

1st year lessons UNIT 05  PART 01 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image001
 
 
 

Key:
a. The names of climate areas are mentioned on the map.
b. The source is a web site written at the bottom of the map. [www.worldclimate.com]
c. In Algeria, the climate areas are the warm temperature climate and the desert climate. The place where I live belongs to the first one.
d. We have rainforests in the mountain and tropical climate areas.
 
2.     1st year lessons UNIT 05  PART 01 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image002Read the definitions of the natural disasters below and say which of them can affect your country. Justify your answer:
 
 
Key: 
- Drought can affect my country because it has a desert climate, especially in the South.
- Earthquakes can affect my country as the north of Algeria is situated in a seismic zone.
- Sandstorm can affect my country owing to the desert climate.
- Floods can affect my country because there occur sudden and heavy rainfalls in autumn.
 
3.     Do you think the world climate is changing? Justify your answer:

1st year lessons UNIT 05  PART 01 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image003
 
 
 

Key:                             Suggested answer
I think that the world climate is changing because of “the global warming” or “ the greenhouse effect”. It is becoming warmer. The winter seasons are becoming shorter and the summer seasons longer.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Listen and Check: (p 129)
1.     Listen to a radio interview and check your answer to question 3 on page 128:
1st year lessons UNIT 05  PART 01 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image004 
 

Key:
The world climate is changing because the volume of carbon dioxide in the air has increased as a result of the burning of oil, coal and wood.
 
 
2.     What do you expect the interviewee to say about the consequences of global warming in the second part of the interview? Tick (  ) in the right box below:

1st year lessons UNIT 05  PART 01 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image005
 
 

      Key:                                     
The sea level will…
The food producing areas will...
The temperatures will…..
The coastal areas will…
rise
become deserts
go up
be under water
 
 
 
 
3.     Now listen to the interview again and check your answer to question 2:
 
 
4.     1st year lessons UNIT 05  PART 01 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image006Listen again to the interview and answer the questions below:
 
 
 
Key:
a. The gas which is responsible for global warming is the carbon dioxide (CO2).
b. He compares it to a greenhouse, a type of plastic house where farmers grow vegetables.
c. It is called so because carbon dioxide traps the heat from the sun, just like a greenhouse.
d. We can reduce high temperatures by reducing the volume of CO2 emissions.
e. The climate specialist is worried about climate change.
    Evidence from the interview: ‘Everybody is worried about high temperatures these days’;  
   ‘scientists are raising the alarm about global warming’ ; ‘a question of life and death to us  
 
 
 
 
Say
it Clear: (p 130)
1.     1st year lessons UNIT 05  PART 01 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image0071st year lessons UNIT 05  PART 01 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image008Listen to the dialogue below and indicate the direction of the voice at the end of each sentence (        ):
1st year lessons UNIT 05  PART 01 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image009
 
 
 

Key:
1st year lessons UNIT 05  PART 01 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image010a. Is the earth really getting warmer?    (     )
1st year lessons UNIT 05  PART 01 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image0111st year lessons UNIT 05  PART 01 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image012b. It’s absolutely certain. (    )   The earth is getting warmer. (    )
1st year lessons UNIT 05  PART 01 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image013c. And why does it matter if the world gets warmer?  (     )
1st year lessons UNIT 05  PART 01 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image0141st year lessons UNIT 05  PART 01 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image015d. Oh it matters a lot. (       ) If the earth gets hotter the sea level will rise.  (     )
Rule:
The intonation goes up at the end of requests and auxiliary questions. But, it goes down at the end of statements and WH-questions.
 
2.      Play out the dialogue above with the right intonation changing the last sentence with one of the following:
1st year lessons UNIT 05  PART 01 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image016
 
 
 

3.      1st year lessons UNIT 05  PART 01 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image017Copy down the words below, then listen to their pronunciation and mark (ˈ) the syllable you hear most as in the example:
 
 
Key:
Verb
Noun
pollute          /pəˈluːt/        
preserve      /prɪˈzɜːv/            
conserve      /kənˈsɜːv/                      
emit             /ɪˈmɪt/       
contaminate /kənˈtæmɪneɪt/                          
deforest        /dɪˈfɒrɪst/                              
destroy         /dɪsˈtrɔɪ/                                
degrade         /dɪˈgreɪd/                                 
pollution          /pəˈluːʃən/  
preservation    /prezəˈveɪʃən/                     
conservation    /kənsəˈveɪʃən/                               
emission          /ɪˈmɪʃən/              
contamination /kəntæmɪˈneɪʃən/                                    
deforestation    /dɪfɒrəsˈteɪʃən/   
destruction      /dɪsˈtrʌkʃən/
degradation     /degrəˈdeɪʃən/
4. Now pronounce the verbs and their derivations. What do you notice?
           We notice that in the verbs, stress is usually on the second syllable, and in nouns (ending in – tion / sion), it is on the penultimate (second from the end) syllable.
The hidden message:
Write the transcript below using the letters of the alphabet:
1st year lessons UNIT 05  PART 01 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image018 
 

/gæs  ɪˈmɪʃənz kɔːz    eə   pəˈluːʃən ənd dɪfɒrəsˈteɪʃən liːdz tə  ðə degrəˈdeɪʃən əv ðə   sɔɪl/        
 Gas  emissions cause   air pollution, and deforestation       leads   to    the degradation     of  the  soil
 
 
Your Turn: (p 131)
Pair work: look at the pictures and use the cues in boxes A and B to make a dialogue:
1st year lessons UNIT 05  PART 01 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image019 
 

Key:              A sample dialogue
A: What will happen if we don’t stop soil pollution?
B: If we don’t top soil pollution, the earth will become desert, animals will lose their habitat,     
     there will be less O2 and more CO2 in the atmosphere
A: And what will happen if we don’t stop water pollution?
             B: If we don’t top water pollution, fish will die, seabirds will get stuck in oil spills and people   
                 won’t have enough food to eat.
 
 
 
 
 
 
Say it in Writing:       [to be given as homework]
Now write an SOS message (Save Our Souls = urgent call for help). Use the information contained in the boxes above:
1st year lessons UNIT 05  PART 01 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image020
1st year lessons UNIT 05  PART 01 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image0211st year lessons UNIT 05  PART 01 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image022
 
 
 
 

                                                                      
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 Sequence Two:  Reading and Writing.
 
By the end of this unit, pupils should be able to:
-read and respond to a newspaper article about pollution;
-deduce the meaning of words from context;
-express cause and effect;
-write an expository paragraph about pollution.
 
 
 
 
Anticipate: (p 132)
 
1.     These pictures illustrate a magazine article. Look at them and circle the best answer in the box below:

1st year lessons UNIT 05  PART 01 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image023
 
 

Key:   
A. Picture 1 is a photo. (c) Picture 2 is a cartoon. (c)
B. The focus in picture 1 is on the pesticide spray. (b)
     The focus in picture 2 is on the lungs X-Ray. (c)
C. In the background of picture 1, there is a field. (b)
     In the background of picture 2, there are cars and factories. (a)
D. In the foreground of picture 1, there is an airplane. (b)
     In the foreground of picture 2, there is a lungs X-Ray. (a)
 
 
 
2.     Complete the sentence below:

1st year lessons UNIT 05  PART 01 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image024
 
 

Key:
             The two pictures above illustrate the causes and consequences of pollution (b)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Read and Check: (p 133)
 
1.     Read the text below and check your answer to exercise 2 in the previous rubric:
 
2.     Read again the text above and answer these questions:

1st year lessons UNIT 05  PART 01 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image025
 
 

Key:
a- They swallow oxygen, and their fumes poison the air with carbon dioxide (CO2).
b- The gas responsible for air pollution is carbon dioxide.
c- Pollution in towns causes lung and skin cancers.
d- The negative impact of modern agriculture on people’s health is that most pesticides used on food crops are toxic and can cause diseases.
 
3.     Ask yourself some of the questions below and try to guess the meaning of the underlined words in the text above:

1st year lessons UNIT 05  PART 01 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image026
 
 

Key:
Words
Part of speech
Why?
Help from the context
Meaning in the context
swallowverbIt comes after the subject Use completely
UrbanAdjectiveIt comes before the nounReference words [city, factories,…]Of city
aquatic
 
 
 
adjectiveIt comes before the noun
Its ending is "-ic"
Reference words [fish, rivers]In water
Rural
 
adjectiveIt comes before the noun
Its ending is "-al"
Antonym [urban]
Reference words [countryside]
Of countryside
illness
 
nounIt comes after the adjective
Its ending is "-ness"
Synonym [disease]Disease
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Discover the Language: (p 134 – 135)
1.     Read the second paragraph of the text on page 133 and pick out two sentences which are close in meaning to the following:
1st year lessons UNIT 05  PART 01 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image027 
 

Key:
a.       Fish is dying because fertilizers which contain phosphorus and sulphur are spilled into the rivers. [expressing CAUSE]
b.      In the countryside, fertilisers which contain phosphorus and nitrogen spill over into rivers. As a result, fish is dying in increasing numbers, and aquatic life is suffocating from lack of oxygen. [expressing CONSEQUENCE / EFFECT / RESULT]
 
 
2.      Now analyse the sentence above and the sentences from the text and note how the cause-effect relationship is expressed in each sentence:
1st year lessons UNIT 05  PART 01 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image028 
 
 

Key:
In the sentence from task 1, the cause- effect relationship is expressed through the use of the conjunction of subordination ‘because’.
In the sentences from the text, the cause- effect relationship is expressed through the use of the sentence connector ‘as a result’. We also notice a reshuffling of the cause-effect relationship into an effect-cause relationship.
 
 
3.     Match each cause of pollution with its corresponding effect in the table below. Use the connectors and make any necessary changes in punctuation:
1st year lessons UNIT 05  PART 01 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image029 
 

Key: 
                   (a 2)            (b – 1)        (c – 4)          (d – 3)




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مُساهمة من طرف اعصار الثلاثاء 24 مارس - 15:55:07

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