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1st year lessons UNIT 04 PART 03

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م1 1st year lessons UNIT 04 PART 03

مُساهمة من طرف زائر الثلاثاء 24 مارس - 15:20:40

Reminder
 
2. Read the Reminder and match the sentences from columns A and B below. Then join them with 'with'. Make any necessary changes:
1st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 03 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image001 
 

Key:
1-c: The car is new with tinted windows and an air bag.
2-d: The watch is square with silver hands and a gold strap.
3-a: The mobile phone is small with large luminous numbers.
4-b: The washing machine is made of plastic with a metal drum.
 
3. Rewrite the product presentation below to make it better. Make the best use of the Reminders above:
1st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 03 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image002 
 

Key:
This is our new Quartz Watch 10. The watch has a round frame with an oval face. The strap is white in colour and made of silver. Quartz Watch 10 is superior to Quartz Watch 9. It has golden hands with an alarm and a calendar. Quartz Watch 10 is waterproof. You don’t need to take it off when you go to swim or have a shower.
 
 
(P. 111)
 
4. Read the Reminder and cross out article "the" where it is inappropriate in the text below:
1st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 03 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image003 
 

Key:
   Ø man       - the sea           - Ø food               - Ø transportation        Ø oceans   - the earth             
   the spread     -   Ø civilisation     the development    -   Ø culture   -   the twentieth century         
   Ø man           -    the ocean floor      Ø new sources      Ø raw materials    -   the submarine
 
 
 
5.   Read the reminder and cross out articles 'a' and 'an' where they are not appropriate in the text below:
1st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 03 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image004 
 

Key:
Ø cleanliness     -       a healthy skin      -     a good complexion           Ø mild soap       -    
Ø warm water   -      Ø excessive oil            Ø soap         -      an acne       -    a skin disease                   
 
 
Reminder
 
 
(P. 112)
 
6. Read the reminder and the captions below the pictures. Then build sentences like the one in the example. Use the right verb tense:
1st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 03 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image005 
 

Key:
♣ We should thank Dr John Pemberton. He invented Coca Cola in 1886. 
   Dr John Pemberton is the man whom we should thank for the invention of Coca Cola.
♠ We should be grateful to Levi Strauss. He made the first jeans in 1860.
   Levi Strauss is the man to whom we should be grateful for the invention of the jeans.
♥ We should be thankful to William Wrigley. He invented flavoured chewing gum in1892.
   William Wrigley is the man to whom we should be thankful for the invention of flavoured chewing gum.
♦ We ought  to  thank  Chester  Carlson.  He invented the photocopying machine in1938.
    Chester Carlson is the man whom we ought to thank for the invention of the photocopying machine.                         
 
Reminder
 
 
7. Read the Reminder and match the sentences from columns A and B on the page  
    113. Then join them with 'so + adj + that':
1st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 03 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image006 
 

Key:
  - The cell phone is so useful that nearly everybody has one. (1-d)
  - The satellite is so distant that it covers a large part of the earth. (2-e)
  - The experiment was so difficult that the inventor spent long nights in his laboratory. (3-c)
  - The refrigerator was so expensive that not many people could buy it. (4-a)
  - Pasteur’s discovery was so important for man’s health that many people gave money to build a       
    Pasteur Institute in Paris. (5-b)
 
 
 
(P. 113)
 
8. Read the Reminder and rewrite the science fiction passage in the future perfect:

1st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 03 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image007
 
 

Key:
     By the year 2055, the population of the world will have reached 8 billion. Many cities will have doubled in size. We will have used up many sources of energy. Robots will have replaced people for many boring jobs.                  
 
Reminder
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
SEQUENCE FOUR
 
By the end of the sequence, pupils should be able to:
-write a paragraph out of a flow chart about an invention;
-write an inventor's biography;
-identify problems related to video-games;
-identify problem sounds: /n/ and /ŋ /.
 
Write it out: (P 114 - 115)
1st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 03 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image0081. Read the introduction below and guess where it comes from. Justify your answer:
 
 
          Key: 
                   It comes from: (b) a scientific article since it retraces the history of man’s fight against malaria.
 
2. Read the introduction above again and compare it to the introduction below. Then answer the questions:
1st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 03 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image008 
 

Key:
a- Introduction A is more enjoyable than introduction B.
b. To make his/her introduction more interesting, the writer makes it read like a story wherein man stands as a hero against the killer disease malaria. He dramatises the facts to make them more impressive to the reader. (The learners can come out with other explanations.)
c- Introduction B is boring. It just delivers flat facts. We don’t have any pleasure reading it….
d. The first introduction informs and teaches a lesson at the same time.
e. Among the lessons which the author aims to teach are: the vulnerability of man and his heroic struggle against one of the most dangerous diseases. …
f- The author of the second introduction wants just to inform his/her readers about the fight against malaria and nothing more.  
 
1st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 03 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image0093. The paragraph below develops the ideas announced in the introduction above. Read it and cross out the sentences that do not relate to the main idea:
 
 
Key:
The irrelevant sentences are:
- Pasteur discovered the vaccine against rabies.
- At that time rabies was another dangerous disease.
 
 
 
4. Read the paragraph below and cross out again the sentences that do not relate to the main idea:
1st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 03 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image008 
 

Key:
      The irrelevant sentences are:
- Fleming discovered penicillin in 1928.
- Antibiotics are very useful in the treatment of various diseases.   
  
1st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 03 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image0095. Now go back to the introduction on the previous page. Then use the cues below to write a conclusion using the same style so as to make it interesting to the reader:
 
 
Key:
 
Work it out: (P 116 - 117)
1st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 03 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image0081. Read the text and find the names of the inventors/discoverers who made the ionventions and discoveries below:
 
 
          Key: 
a- The law of Gravity: Issac Newton
b- The law of Relativity: Albert Einstein
c- The submarine and the ‘flying machine’: Leonardo Da Vinci
d- Rules for chemical combination and combustion: Priestly.
e- Radioactivity: Marie Curie
f- Three electromagnetic laws: Joule
 
2. Read the text above again and identify the parts of the paragraphs which state opinions and those which express facts:
1st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 03 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image008 
 

Key:
Opinions
Facts
- The first sentence of the first paragraph:
  These men ... famous scientist.
- Last sentence of the second paragraph: It illustrates…
- The second sentence of the first paragraph:     Leonardo Da Vinci ...Carver, a slave.
- First two sentences of the second paragraph.
   
 
 
 
1st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 03 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image0103. Say whether and why you agree or disagree with the author’s opinions:
 
 
Key:
‘I do agree with the author’s opinions because I think that all men and women are born equal’. ‘Anybody who is devoted to science and works hard can become a famous scientist’.
4. Read the second paragraph and find what the author wants to do with his text. Circle the letter of the correct answer. Justify your answer:
1st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 03 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image008 
 

Key:
           The author wants to teach a lesson to the reader. (a)
  
1st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 03 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image0095. Read very quickly the jumbled paragraphs on the next page. Then match letters A-C with numbers 1-3 to form a coherent text:
 
 
Key:
                            (1 – C)               (2 – B)              (3 – A)
1st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 03 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image0096. Now read the paragraphs again and match each of them with the idea it expresses:
 
 
Key:
§ C: Carver came from a poor family. (c)
§ B: He showed his ability for learning at an early age. (b)
§ A: He was ambitious and helped himself. He didn’t count on others. (a)
7. Read the concluding paragraph below and identify the sentence which expresses the most important idea:
1st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 03 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image008 
 

Key:
          His story is an inspiring example to people who want to become scientists.
 
 
 
 
 
 
   
1st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 03 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image0098. Make the best use of the answers which you have given to all the questions above and write a summary of the whole text:
 
 
Key:                           Suggested summary
There is no discrimination in science. The career of George Washington Carver provides a good example. Though Carver was a black slave, he managed to become a famous agricultural scientist. His story shows that anyone with personal ambition and devotion to science can be a scientist.
Work it out: (P 118 - 119)
1st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 03 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image0081. Read these statements about video games and decide which of them are true and which are false. Tick where appropriate in the table below:
 
 
          Key: 
                   (a – False)      (b – True)      (c – False)      (d – False)      (e – True)      (f – False)
 
2. Read the instructions below and check which of them proves or disproves your choices:
1st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 03 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image008 
 
 

             
3. Now, pretend you are an advice columnist. Reply in writing to the question below giving advice:
1st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 03 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image011 
 

Key:
Dear Khaled,
 
       You can continue to play games and stay healthy. However, you should be very careful with the use of video games. Here is some advice which I hope you will follow.
First, the screen of your monitor/TV set should be small so that you can concentrate easily on it. Second, you should take some rest for at least 10 to 15 minutes after playing for an hour’s time. Third, sitting too close to the screen can cause serious health problems, such as an epileptic seizure or loss of consciousness. Finally, you should make sure that the room in which you play is not dark…
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
P 119
1. Read the text below and answer these questions:
1st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 03 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image008 
 

Key:
A- Cloning is making copies of plants, animals and human beings.
B- No, it isn’t. Ancient Greeks cloned plants over 4,000 years ago.
C- The debate about cloning started when people realised that it was possible to clone human beings.
D- People refuse to eat genetically modified foods because they consider that this kind of food is dangerous for health.   
 
1st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 03 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image0092. Class work: Discuss, then write a short letter of opinion taking sides for or against cloning and genetically modified foods. Use the cues below:
 
 
Key:
 
Problem Consonants (P 120)
1st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 03 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image0081. Listen and identify the sentence which your teacher reads from the pairs below. Tick in the right box :
 
 
          Key: 
                   It is really difficult to differentiate between the sentences when they are read aloud very quickly because they differ only in one sound. Accordingly, this task is to be carried out in the form of a game. As you read them aloud, make sure you provide a linguistic context and make necessary gestures to allow the learners understand what you mean. (e.g., look out, that’s wrong. The sum is 52 not 53. Look out, that’s Ron playing football over there.)
A: wrong /ŋ/                   A: fangs /ŋ/                   A: tan    /n/
B: Ron    /n/                    B: fans   /n/                   B: tank /ŋk/
 
2. Read the sentences again and identify the sounds that make the sentences different in each pair. Underline the sounds:
1st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 03 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image008 
 

Key:
             
 
 
 
 
 
 
1st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 03 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image0123. Complete the transcriptions of the words in the table below by ticking in the appropriate box. Pay attention to the pronunciation of the letter ‘n’:
 
 
Key:
Words
/n/
/ŋ/
/ndʒ /
/ŋg/
/ŋk/
 
Bang
Danger
Singer
Wing
Sun
Pink
Bank
Thinker
Finger
Anger
Stranger
1st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 03 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image0131st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 03 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image0141st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 03 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image0141st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 03 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image0151st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 03 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image0161st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 03 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image0171st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 03 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image0171st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 03 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image0181st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 03 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image0191st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 03 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image0191st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 03 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image020
 
4. Now listen and check your answers. Then pronounce the words in the appropriate way:
1st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 03 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image008 
 
 

             
1st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 03 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image0095. Write the transcripts below using the letters of the alphabets. Then read them aloud:
 
 
Key:
a- The banker who is sitting on the bank is singing a song.
b- The singer is singing in a dangerous swimming pool.
Check Your Progress
1.
 




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مُساهمة من طرف اعصار الثلاثاء 24 مارس - 15:55:01

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