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1st year lessons UNIT 04 PART 01

استعرض الموضوع التالي استعرض الموضوع السابق اذهب الى الأسفل

م1 1st year lessons UNIT 04 PART 01

مُساهمة من طرف زائر الثلاثاء 24 مارس - 15:10:19

Sequence One: Listening and Speaking.
 
By the end of the sequence, pupils should be able to:
-listen and respond to a presentation about an invention;
-mark intonation in indirect questions;
-mark stress in names of sciences and adjectives derived from them;
-speak about inventions, discoveries and developments in technology;
-write a short paragraph about an invention.
 
Anticipate: (P 98)
1st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 01 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image0011. Look at picture 1 and answer the questions below using the words in the box:
 
Key:     
A. They are in the countryside. (b)
B. They are washing clothes. (c)
C. They are washing the clothes with their hands/with brushes/ in a basin.
D. I think they have brought water from a river, a stream or a well.
 
2. Look at picture 2 and answer the questions below.
1st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 01 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image002 
 

Key:     
A. She is washing clothes in a basin.
B. She does not have/hasn’t got a washing machine.
C. No, she isn’t.
D. She is using a washboard and a brush.
E. She is doing it to remove dirt from the clothes.
F. No, it isn’t. The washboard and the brush will use up the clothes. 
 
 
 
Listen and Check: (P 99)
1. Listen to the first part of the short presentation of an invention. Then check your answers to task 2 on page 98:
1st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 01 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image003 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

2. Listen to the second part of the presentation and answer the questions below:
1st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 01 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image004 
 

Key:          
A. It represents a washing machine powered by hand/ a manual washing machine.
B. An electric washing machine.
C. No, it doesn’t.
D: It tells us about an invention’s profile / the invention and evolution of the washing- machine.
 
1st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 01 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image0053. Now listen to the whole text and jot down notes in column B of the table below:
 
Key:
 
A
B
1
Introductionimportance of home labour-saving devices
2
Problempeople had to keep clean
3
Original solutionhand/ small rock / washboard / brush
4
Problems with the solutionsbut long time; hard work; clothes damaged
5
Invention (who-what-when)James King / washing machine / 1851
6
Problemsstill hard work / hand powered
7
Innovation/New invention1908 / US company / electric machine
8
Conclusionalmost every home has one
 
1st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 01 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image0064. Use the notes to make a presentation of the invention to the class:
 
 
Key:  
Labour-saving devices are very important in daily life. In the past, people had to keep clean by washing their clothes. So, they used their hands, washboards, brushes and rocks. But this solution was impractical since it was still a hard work that took a long time and clothes were used up (damaged). So, James king invented the first manual washing-machine in 1851. However, it was still a hard work. In 1908, a U.S. company manufactured/constructed the first electric washing-machine. Today, almost every home has one.
 
 
    
Say it Clear: (P 100)
 
1. Listen to the pronunciation of the direct question below and say whether the intonation rises or falls at the end. Use one of these arrows:
1st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 01 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image007 
 

Key:
            Who invented the first washing machine?
        Rule: Intonation in wh- questions:  The voice goes down at the end of wh- questions.
 
 
 
2. Listen to the same question which is asked indirectly now. Does the intonation rise or fall at the end? Use arrows to mark it:

1st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 01 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image008
 
 

Key:              
a- Can you tell me who invented the first washing machine?
b- Have you got any idea who invented the first washing machine?
c- Do you happen to know who invented the first washing machine?
         Rule: Intonation in yes/no questions: The voice goes up at the end of yes/no questions and down                   
                                                                       in information questions.
 
 
 
 
3. Listen to your teacher read the names of sciences in the box below and mark ( ) the syllable you hear most:
1st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 01 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image009 
 
 

Key:
Names of sciences
Adjectives derived from names of sciences
Technology             /teknɒlәdʒɪ/
Ecology                  /ɪkɒlәdʒɪ/
Geology                 /dʒɪɒlәdʒɪ/
Sociology               /səʊʃɪɒlәdʒɪ/
Biology                 /baɪɒlәdʒɪ/
Hydrology            /haɪdrɒlәdʒɪ/
Anthropology       /æn rәpɒlәdʒɪ/
Bacteriology       /bæktɪәrɪɒlәdʒɪ/
Technological           /teknәlɒdʒɪkәl/
Ecological                 /ɪkәlɒdʒɪkәl/
Geological                /dʒɪәlɒdʒɪkәl/
Sociological             /səʊʃɪәlɒdʒɪkәl/
Biological                /baɪәlɒdʒɪkәl/
Hydrological            /haɪdrәlɒdʒɪkәl/
Anthropological      /æn rәpәlɒdʒɪkәl/
Bacteriological       /bæktɪәrɪәlɒdʒɪkәl/
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4. Now listen to your teacher pronounce the adjectives derived from the same nouns and mark the syllable you hear most: what conclusion can you draw?
1st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 01 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image010 
 

Key:
The rule here is that stress falls on the ante-penultimate syllable (third from the end). This holds true for all words ending with ‘cy’, ‘ty’, ‘phy’, ‘gy’, and ‘al’.
The adjectives and the names of science in the table (task3) end respectively in ‘al’ and ‘gy’. There is a shift in stress when words related to science change their grammatical category because of the addition of the suffix ‘al’, but the rule remains the same i.e., stress should fall on the ante-penultimate syllable of the adjectives and names.
The hidden message:
1st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 01 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image011The message below is written in phonetic scripts. Rewrite it using the letters of the alphabet:
 
/ ˈtæblɔɪdz  ˈju:ʒәlɪ  rɪˈpɔːt  ˈskændlz  әnd  ju:z  senˈseɪʃәnl  ˈlæŋgwɪdʒ /
   Tabloids     usually   report    scandals    and   use    sensational    language. 
 
Your Turn: (P 101)
1. Look at the pictures below and use the names in the boxes to decide who's who. Put numbers 1-4 in the boxes below:
1st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 01 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image012 
 

Key:                                1                           2                            3                             4                             5
 
 
Pictures







Famous People
Albert EinsteinAlexander Fleming William ShakespeareAlexander Graham BellLouis Pasteur
 
   1- Alexander G. Bell    2- Louis Pasteur    3- Albert Einstein    4- Alexander Fleming   5- William Shakespeare
 
 
2. Match the items provided in the table and use the cues in the box below to play the game "TELL ME…":
1st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 01 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image013 
 
 

Key:
1- A: Can you tell me who invented the telephone?
     B: I think it was Alexander Graham Bell.
2- A: Have you got any idea who discovered Penicillin?
     B: I guess it was Alexander Fleming.
3- A: Do you know who discovered the vaccine against rabies?
     B: Yes, wasn’t it Louis Pasteur?
4- A: Do you happen to know who formulated the theory of relativity?
                       B: No, I’m afraid I don’t.
 
2. Use the cues below to write meaningful sentences:
1st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 01 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image014 
 
 

a.       Louis Pasteur / discover / the vaccine against Rabies.
b.      Alexander Graham Bell / invent / the telephone.
c.       William Shakespeare / write / Hamlet.
d.      Albert Einstein / formulate / the theory of relativity.
Key:
a.       Louis Pasteur discovered the vaccine against rabies.
It is Louis Pasteur who discovered the vaccine against rabies.
b.      Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone.
It was Alexander Graham Bell who invented the telephone.
c.       William Shakespeare wrote “Hamlet”.
“Hamlet was written by Shakespeare.
d.      Albert Einstein formulated the theory of relativity.
It is/was Albert Einstein who formulated the theory of relativity.
The theory of relativity was formulated by Albert Einstein.
 
 
Say it in Writing:         [To be given as homework]
Use the information contained in tasks 1 and 2 to write a short biography of one of the people in the pictures above. Then read it to the class:
1st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 01 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image015 
 

Key:
Louis Pasteur was born in France in 1822. He discovered the vaccine against rabies in 1885. He died in 1895. His vaccine has saved many lives.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sequence Two:  Reading and Writing.
 
By the end of the sequence, pupils should be able to:
-read and respond to a text about the development of telecommunications;
-express concession using 'however', 'although'…
-write a paragraph out of a flow chart.
 
 
Anticipate: (P 102)
1. Look at the pictures and use the words in the box below to say  what each of them represents  :

1st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 01 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image016
 
 

          Key: 
                   1- telegraph                     2- satellite                        3- drum                        4- telephone
 
2. What do all the devices represented in the pictures refer to? Tick in the right box below. Then justify your answer:
1st year lessons UNIT 04  PART 01 C:\Users\win7\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image017 
 

Key:
              They represent the development of telecommunications. (b)
Read and Check: (P 103)




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مُساهمة من طرف اعصار الثلاثاء 24 مارس - 15:53:34

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