“We made from water every living thing. Will they not then believe?"

“We made from water every living thing. Will they not then believe?"

استعرض الموضوع السابق استعرض الموضوع التالي اذهب الى الأسفل

“We made from water every living thing. Will they not then believe?" Empty “We made from water every living thing. Will they not then believe?"

مُساهمة من طرف اعصار في الثلاثاء 10 يوليو - 11:49:10

“We made from water every living thing. Will they not then believe?"

(Surat Al-Anbiyaa – The Prophets: 30)



By: Dr. / Zaghloul El-Naggar


“We made from water every living thing. Will they not then believe?" 30915_250This ayah is in Surat
Al-Anbiyaa which was revealed in Makkah and has 112 ayahs. The main
theme of the Surah revolves around faith: believing in Allah, His
angels, His Books, His Messengers and the Day of Judgment. The Surah
also focuses on Islamic monotheism, emphasizing that Allah has no
partner, no equivalent, no spouse; no offspring and that none can
dispute with Him concerning His power.




Signs of creation in Surat Al-Anbiyaa:




We
can summarize the signs of creation mentioned in Surat Al-Anbiyaa,
which shed light on Allah’s wonderful creation and His divine ability,
as follows:



  • The creation of the Heavens and the Earth in accurate proportions; they are arranged in an accurate and systematic manner.
  • The unity in the structure of the universe proves the Oneness of the Creator.
  • The fact that the Heavens and the Earth were joined together as one before Allah separated them.
  • The fact that Allah created every living thing from water.
  • The
    fact that Allah created mountains to stabilize the Earth and that He
    made mountain passes for people to be able to pass through and to be
    guided by them.

  • Emphasizing that Allah made the heavens as a well guarded ceiling.
  • Reference
    to the rotation of the Earth on its axis around the sun and the
    alternation of the day and night. The course of the Earth, the sun and
    the moon through space are described as, “They float, each in an orbit”.

  • Confirming that every soul shall taste death.
  • Reference to the fact that man is hasty.
  • Reference to the gradual reduction of the land from its outlying borders in a miraculous image.
  • Reference
    to the Day when the heavens are rolled up like a scroll and the
    universe will return to its original form (joined together before it was
    separated into the heavens and the Earth).




One
of the miracles of the Holy Qur’an is that it mentions how the Earth
was created as well as how it will be destroyed in one Surah; this Surah
also refers to creation of all living things between these two events.




All
of these scientific issues need to be dealt with separately; therefore,
I will focus my analysis on the fourth point in this list, in which
Allah says what can be translated as,
"We made from water every living thing, will they not then believe?"




I shall start with a brief review of the comments made by a number of scholars on this ayah:



Interpretation of this ayah by some scholars:




"We made from water every living thing, will they not then believe?"

(Surat Al-Anbiyaa (The Prophets): 30)

Ibn-Kathir says: "We made from water every living thing" means
that water is the origin of all living things. Abu Huraira said, “O
Messenger of Allah, when I see you, I feel happiness and contentment
inside me; tell me about everything. The Prophet (PBUH) said,
“Everything has been made from water.” Abu Huraira then said, “Tell me
about an action that if I do it, I will go to heaven.” The Prophet said,
“Spread greetings, feed the poor, maintain contact with your kin, pray
at night when the people are asleep and you will enter heaven.”




The interpretation by Al-Galalein states the following, "We made from water", descending from the sky; "every living thing" produced by the earth, like plants, means that water is what keeps it alive; "will they not then believe" in My Oneness.



“Fi Zilal Al-Qur’an” states that the second half of the ayah, "We made from water every living thing," mentions
a very important fact that scientists consider to be of great
consequence; this fact is that water is the source for life. That the
Qur'an mentions this fact does not surprise us and does not increase our
belief in the truth of the Qur'an as we are well aware that the Qur’an
is the Book of Allah and not because it agrees with scientific theories.
For more than thirteen centuries, the Holy Qur'an has tried to guide
the disbelievers to the wonders of Allah's creation in the universe.
Moreover, the Qur’an rejects their disbelief in spite of their knowledge
of its existence,
"will they not then believe?" How can they not believe when everything in the world around them drives to believe in Allah who created them?




Scientific implications in the ayah:




1. “We made from water every living thing. Will they not then believe?" 27310_250 Water
preceded the existence of all created beings. All geological studies
have proved the Earth’s age to be greater than 4.6 billion years ago
whereas the age of the most ancient sign of life (fossils) in the
Earth’s rocks is 3.8 billion years. This means that preparing the earth
for life on its surface took over 800 million years. Allah is capable of
enabling things to simply be, but the process of creation took a long
period of time in order to help human beings follow Allah's system on
earth and to make well use of it in constructing life. This is because
both time and place are dimensions of matter and man's limitations are a
part of Allah's creation, thus the created can never surpass its
creator. Allah is above all His creations, including matter, energy,
time and place.




During
this lengthy period, in which the Earth was being prepared to receive
life, Allah created the volcanoes, which have been the main reason in
the forming of the rock zone
(lithosphere), water zone (hydrosphere) and air zone (atmosphere) of the
Earth. Moreover, the extensive volcanic activities lead to create the
mountain chains by extraction of the lava and magma (melted rocks) from
the Earth’s interior under the paleo-oceanic (ancient oceans) crust
until our planet was ready to receive different types of life forms.




2. Allah
created all early forms of life in water because, at that stage, water
was the most suitable environment for life. Paleontological studies
indicate that aquatic life (marine environments) prevailed in the Earth
for about 3360 million years (from 3800 to 440 million years ago) before
the creation of the first type of plants on land.




3. “We made from water every living thing. Will they not then believe?" 30599_250Geological
studies have proved that the creation of plants preceded the creation
of animals. Therefore, the creation of aquatic plants preceded the
creation of aquatic animals. Additionally, the creation of plants on
land was earlier than the creation of animals on land. All these forms
of life preceded the creation of man whom Allah Has honored.




The
reason for this order in creation is quite clear, as human beings
depend on plants and animals for nutrition. Furthermore, both human
beings and animals depend on plants for their food. Plants play the key
role in supplying the earth’s atmosphere with oxygen, essential for the
life of humans and animals.




Green
plants are also the natural factory for the creation and re-creation of
organic particles. These organic particles are necessary for plants,
animals and humans; these particles are made from water and food
substances (sap) absorbed from the soil together with carbon dioxide
from the atmosphere and energy from the sun. Water is essential for
photosynthesis. A molecule of water (H2O) is composed of two hydrogen
atoms and one oxygen atom. Plants obtain water by absorbing it from the
soil and rocks through their roots. Plants obtain energy from sunlight
through the chlorophyll that Allah has put in the plant's cells. Allah
has given plants the ability to break down a water molecule into a
hydrogen ion carrying a positive electric charge (H+) and a hydroxide
ion carrying a negative electric charge (-OH). Two hydroxide ions
combine to form a water molecule and an oxygen atom which is released
into the atmosphere and is then used by all other living creatures for
respiration. The hydrogen ions (H+) that are released from the break
down of water combine with the carbon dioxide (CO2) the plant obtains
from the surrounding atmosphere to make all kinds of organic particles
that are needed to build living cells, beginning with the simplest
carbohydrate particles such as glucose and starch, and ending with proteins, oils, fats and chemical compounds of amino and nuclear acids that form the DNA of every living thing.




Through
this process, plants store part of the solar energy they receive in the
form of chemical bonds. The hydrogen ions which are found in water play
a major role in this process, while the oxygen which is released from
water into the air through photosynthesis is used by all living
creatures for respiration, which causes the oxidation of organic
substances in food. It is obtained directly from plants (or indirectly
from animals as carbon dioxide and water) transforming part of the solar
energy that had been used by the plant into heat energy (as a result of
the activities of living organisms), or leaves it in the form of
remains and wastes that oxidize and return back to the air.




It
is obvious that water is essential in building the bodies of all living
organisms. It is important in helping them to continue doing their
different vital activities.




1. Water
is the most efficient solvent ever known. It acts as a solvent for a
number of elements and compounds that are transported from the soil to
different parts of the plant and from food to all parts of the human and
animal bodies. That is because it has a high viscosity and surface
tension as well as maximum capillarity.




Water
is the main element of all living organisms. It has been proved that
the percentage of water in a human body is 71% in an adult and 93% in an
embryo that is a few months old.




2. Water composes more than 80% of human blood and more than 90% in the bodies of a large number of plants (sap) and animals.



3. All
vital actions and processes like nutrition, excretion, growth and
reproduction cannot be undertaken without water: photosynthesis, the
exchange of solutions between cells due to the capillarity of aquatic
solutions as they pass through the cell wall (osmosis) and the building
of new cells and tissues that help growth and reproduction. Water is
also needed to get rid of toxins and body waste through excretion and
secretion.




Water
is also essential for other functions such as swallowing, digesting,
transporting and distributing food, vitamins, hormones, immunity system
elements and oxygen to all parts of the body. There can be no life
without water. It is essential for the excretion of wastes and toxins
and maintaining the temperature and humidity of the body. There is no
living organism that can completely live without water.




As
well as its function in maintaining body temperature, controlling blood
pressure and levels of acidity, a shortage of water can cause the cells
to become dehydrated disrupting their work. It may also cause tissues
to dry, joints to stick together, blood to clot and the living organism
to perish. The symptoms of a shortage of water in the body of a living
organism are dangerous. For instance, if a person loses just 1% of the
water in his body, he will feel thirsty. If this percentage is 5%, his
tongue and mouth will become dry, he will have difficulties talking and
will suffer from weakness. If the percentage increases to 10%, he will
die.




At
the same time, an increase in the percentage of water in the body of
the living organism may also lead to his death. An increase in the
percentage of water in the body causes vomiting, general weakness and
ends in a comma that leads to death.




1. “We made from water every living thing. Will they not then believe?" 33479_250 Water
covers 71% of the earth’s surface which is 510 million square
kilometers (km2), while the land occupies 29% of the whole surface area.
Earth is the richest planet in the solar system as concerns water. The
amount of water at the surface is estimated at 1.4 billion cubic
kilometers (km3); it also has stores of water below the surface
(underground water), especially in the weak sphere (asthenosphere) of
the Earth estimated at more than a hundred times that amount. Kindly,
this groundwater always extracts to the surface at the suitable time by
the will of Allah Almighty through the volcanic activities.

At
the earth’s surface, most of the water (97. 22%) is distributed in seas
and oceans that cover 362 million km2, with an average depth of 3800
meters (below the sea level) that give the seas and oceans a content of
slightly more than 1375 million km3 of salty water. Furthermore, the
amount of ice that covers the earth’s two poles and the apex of the
mountains have a thickness of 4 kilometers in the South Pole and 3800
meters in the North Pole; the amount of water contained in these
icebergs 2.15% of the water found on the earth’s surface. The remaining
amount, estimated at 0.63% of the water found on the earth’s surface, is
largely stored in the rocks (underground water) that are found on the
earth’s crust. An amount of 0.017% is found in lakes and in rivers, the
humidity in the air and the soil that help plants to grow; it also plays
a vital role in forming clouds that shade the earth from many of the
sun’s burning rays during the day, whilst also returning the warmth that
has been emitted by the rocks as soon as the sun has set.


This
miraculous distribution of water on the earth’s surface plays a major
role in controlling the earth’s climate to accommodate life. Without
these vast watery and icy areas, life would have been impossible on
Earth as the temperature could have reached more than 100oC during the
daytime and decreased to -100oC at night; these conditions are
impossible for the existence of life. However, Allah Had mercy upon us
by creating this the water (hydrosphere) system that controls the
temperature, the constant evaporation of large amounts of water (380,000
km3 per year) and the condensation of this water in the form of clouds,
fog and dew that then falls as rain, ice and snow, accompanied by
thunder and lightening, releasing nitrogen compounds and other elements
that enrich the soil with compounds that are needed by the plant.




“We made from water every living thing. Will they not then believe?" 26830_250Water
helps regulate the temperature in the seas and oceans maintaining
marine life. This is through a combination of hot and cold sea currents,
the absorption of a great amount of sunlight and energy from the
activities of the various marine life forms and the redistribution of
this heat together with the heat obtained from volcanoes that erupt on
the troughs of the oceans and on a number of seas. The most important
function of water is in protecting aquatic life from climate changes,
especially when the temperature decreases to below zero. Every rational
person can therefore notice this amazing creative power that gave water a
number of physical and chemical characteristics that are not found in
other elements. The most obvious characteristic is its low density when
it freezes, enabling it to float on the surface of the seas and oceans
instead of sinking to the bottom and destroying the various life forms
that exist there. These floating icebergs on the water’s surface act as
insulators between the cold air surrounding them and the relatively warm
water underneath. This is only a little of the many unique natural and
chemical characteristics that Allah SWT has instilled in water. Another
very important characteristic is water’s great ability to dissolve large
amounts of solids, liquids and gases. Moreover, the molecular structure
of water with its double pole and resistance to dissolution and
ionization, together with its special freezing and boiling points and
the high specific and latent heat, impressive viscosity and surface
tension, low density in freezing, its great ability in the processes of
oxidation and reduction and to react with many chemical compounds help
to crack the soil to facilitate the germination of plants. Allah has
therefore enabled it to carry out a major role in all plants, animals
and people. It is considered to be one of the great miracles of Allah,
revealed in His Holy Book over 1400 years ago,
"We made from water every living thing, will they not then believe?"




This
ayah is mentioned immediately after the process of the creation of the
heaven and the earth, which is one of the greatest miracles of Allah
SWT. Allah is addressing the disbelievers in this ayah, which is why it
ends with the reprehending interrogative,
“will they not then believe?”




These
are facts that mankind had not been aware of before the twentieth
century; they are mentioned in the Qur’an in a precise and concise
manner that proves that the Qur'an is the word of Allah and proves the
Prophethood of the Prophet, Muhammad (PBUH). Peace and blessings be upon
him and his family and companions and all who follow his guidance until
the Day of Judgment.



اعصار
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الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل

“We made from water every living thing. Will they not then believe?" Empty رد: “We made from water every living thing. Will they not then believe?"

مُساهمة من طرف حُ رُوفُ الْـآبْدَآع في الأحد 15 يوليو - 15:15:26

بَآرَكْ الله فِيكْ
مَوْضُوعْ مُمَيَزْ
نَنْتَظِرْ الْمَزِيدْ مِنْ آبْدَآعَآتْكْ
تَقَبَلْ مُرُورِي



حُ رُوفُ الْـآبْدَآع
حُ رُوفُ الْـآبْدَآع
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الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل

“We made from water every living thing. Will they not then believe?" Empty رد: “We made from water every living thing. Will they not then believe?"

مُساهمة من طرف القيصر العربي في السبت 11 أغسطس - 21:58:45


القيصر العربي
عضو نشيط
عضو  نشيط

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الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل

“We made from water every living thing. Will they not then believe?" Empty رد: “We made from water every living thing. Will they not then believe?"

مُساهمة من طرف أبو سليمان في الجمعة 5 أكتوبر - 19:20:43


أبو سليمان
المشرفون
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الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل

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