FOR BAC STUDENTS if clauses type 1.2&3

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FOR BAC STUDENTS if clauses type 1.2&3

مُساهمة من طرف lucky girl 24 في الأربعاء 13 مايو - 11:22:45

:بسم الله : 
Conditional sentences, if-clauses type I, II, III

Conditional sentences

Conditional sentences are sometimes confusing for learners of English as a second language.
Watch out:
[list=text-list]
[*]Which type of conditional sentences is it?
[*]Where is the if-clause (e.g. at the beginning or at the end of the conditional sentence)?
[/list]
There are three types of conditional sentences.
[th]type[/th][th]condition[/th]
Icondition possible to fulfill
IIcondition in theory possible to fulfill
IIIcondition not possible to fulfill (too late)

1. Form

[th]type[/th][th]if-clause[/th][th]main clause[/th]
ISimple Presentwill-future or (Modal + infinitive)
IISimple Pastwould + infinitive *
IIIPast Perfectwould + have + past participle *

2. Examples (if-clause at the beginning)

[th]type[/th][th]if clause[/th][th]main clause[/th]
IIf I study, I will pass the exam.
IIIf I studied,I would pass the exam.
IIIIf I had studied, I would have passed the exam.

3. Examples (if-clause at the end)

[th]type[/th][th]main clause[/th][th]if-clause[/th]
II will pass the examif I study.
III would pass the examif I studied.
IIII would have passed the examif I had studied.

4. Examples (affirmative and negative sentences)

[th]type[/th][th] [/th][th]Examples[/th][th] [/th][th] [/th][th]long forms[/th][th]short/contracted forms[/th]
I+If I study, I will pass the exam.If I study, I'll pass the exam.
-If I study, I will not fail the exam.
If I do not study, I will fail the exam.
If I study, I won't fail the exam.
If I don't study, I'll fail the exam.
II+If I studied, I would pass the exam.If I studied, I'd pass the exam.
-If I studied, I would not fail the exam.
If I did not study, I would fail the exam.
If I studied, I wouldn't fail the exam.
If I didn't study, I'd fail the exam.
III+If I had studied, I would have passed the exam.If I'd studied, I'd have passed the exam.
-If I had studied, I would not have failed the exam.
If I had not studied, I would have failed the exam.
If I'd studied, I wouldn't have failed the exam.
If I hadn't studied, I'd have failed the exam.
* We can substitute could or might for would (should, may or must are sometimes possible, too).

  • I would pass the exam.
  • I could pass the exam.
  • I might pass the exam.
  • I may pass the exam.
  • I should pass the exam.
  • I must pass the exam.
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lucky girl 24
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رد: FOR BAC STUDENTS if clauses type 1.2&3

مُساهمة من طرف wael0101 في الخميس 11 يونيو - 16:59:36

بارك الله فيك 
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wael0101
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احترام القوانين : 100 %
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تاريخ الميلاد : 03/11/1986
العمر : 31
الموقع : أدرار

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