2nd year lessons UNIT 04+05+06 PART 04

2nd year lessons UNIT 04+05+06 PART 04

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م14 2nd year lessons UNIT 04+05+06 PART 04

مُساهمة من طرف lucky girl 24 في الأربعاء 25 مارس - 21:29:43

Go through the preview to make the students aware of the main objectives of the unit. Brainstorm
the project work and elicit a list of projects that your students can do. Then make them agree on
the project they will carry out.
THINK IT OVER (p.79)
The pictures illustrate the topic of the unit. You are supposed to interact with your students about
the pictures to familiarize them with the topic of the unit .
The two pictures illustrate Arab science during the Abbassides period. Refer to page 96 of the
textbook to get information about this period. ...
WORDS TO SAY(p.79)
The focus is on word stress. Most of the words are related to science. Read them aloud as your
students follow on the page of the textbook. Mark the stress as appropriate before you make your
students repeat the pronunciation of the words.
DISCOVERING LANGUAGE (pp.80-83)
BEFORE YOU READ (p.80)
The students interact using the geometrical figure in the textbook. The aim is to revise the
comparatives and to make the students familiar with vocabulary related to geometry before
moving on to the first activity in the As you read rubric.
YOU YOUR PARTNER
- How many degrees has an angle got? -Less than 90%
- How many degrees has a right angle got? -90%
- How many degrees has an obtuse angle got? -More than 90%
- How many degrees has a straight angle got? -180%
- How many degrees has a reflex angle got? - More than180%
AS YOU READ p.80)
Act. One (p. 80)
The students check their answers to the activity in the Before you read section.
Act. Two (p.81)
acute 5253
1- Yes, there is. A point in geography has no dimensions (length and thickness) whereas a dot has
length, width and thickness.
2- The stress is on have. (A straight line that we draw on paper with pencil have width and
thickness)
3- The teacher advises his/her students to revise today’s lesson.
(It is not necessary to ask your students the same questions year after year.)
AFTER READING (p.81--83)
GRAMMAR DESK (p.81)
a- The result clause of sentence 1 is in the future simple.
The result clause of sentence 2 is in the present simple.
b- The condition in sentence 2 is true at any time because it is a general truth.
The condition in sentence 2 is of the domain of prediction. The students
may or may not get good marks.
c- When can replace if in sentences 2 and 4.
2- When two lines cross, the opposite angles are always equal.
4- When there are two points, the shortest distance between them is called
a straight line.
d- The order of the sentences is as follows: (2-4) (1-3)
Refer your students to Grammar Reference n°11, pp.201-202 to check their answers.
PRACTICE (82-83)
Act. One (p.82)
You can devise another activity to differentiate between the zero and the first conditionals.
a- We will get wet if it rains. (prediction)
b-.If you boil water at 100% centigrade, it evaporates. (scientific truth)
c- If you throw water on fire, it will stop burning.
d- If you drink some cool water ,you will soon feel better.
e- She will fall sick if she drinks that polluted water.
pp. 5253
Act. Two (p.82)
A: SentencesB: Functions
1. If you buy two,
you will get one free.
2. I will help you do
the exercises if you
want.
3. If you do not stop
making a noise, I will
switch off the TV.
4. He will
understand if you
just explain why you
came late.
5. If you touch that
wire, you will get an
electric shock.
6. If this jacket is the
correct size, it will fit
me.
F. promise
B. offer
D.threat
E. advice
C warning
A. prediction
Act. Three (p.82)
The students will write similar sentences identifying their functions.
Act. Four (p.82)
This is a game. So let the students express freely their own ideas as long as the conditional is
used appropriately. This activity will be done by each group separately before doing it as a class.
G1: If you pass your exam, we’ll go to Brazil.
G2: What will we do if we go to Brazil?
G1: If we go to Brazil? We’ll visit Maracana Stadium.
Act. Five (p.83)
Make sure your students understand that will, may and can express different degrees of certainty.
KEY
a- If you fall down, you may break your arm.
b- That boiler can explode if you put too much pressure it.
c- He may hurt himself if he mixes chemical products carelessly.
d- They can fail their mathematics and physics exams if they
don’t learn the theorems.
Other possible sentences:
a-If you drive too fast, you may have an accident.
b-If you spend too much money you can run out of it soon.
c If you overuse your old car, it may break down one day.
d-If you don’t pay your taxes on time, you can have a fine
WRITE IT RIGHT (p.
Brainstorm the topic with your students. The topic is familiar to them. So they
83)
on 5455
can add other interesting ideas about water properties.
Like air, water is found almost everywhere. It is familiar to us in different forms, as drinking
water, water vapour, ice and snow.
Water has some surprising qualities. For example, most liquids freeze and become denser, but
water becomes lighter. When you fill a pan of water, with ice cubes, you note that unmelted
particles remain on the surface. The reason is that frozen water is lighter than water in liquid
form. When water it becomes ice and it exerts pressure. If you fill a glass bottle and put it in the
freezer, the bottle breaks. As the frozen water expands, it exerts pressure on the glass bottle.
Water molecules have a strong attraction to each other. The force of attraction is called cohesion.
If you moisten two pocket mirrors and stick them together, you will not be able to pull them
apart. The water molecules on the surface of the pocket mirrors attract each other. But it is not
difficult at all to separate dry mirrors because ...
SAY IT ALOUD AND CLEAR (p.84 )
Act. One (p.84)
The aim of this activity is twofold: The students will learn about intonation in complex
interrogative sentences and the use of the modal should with the conditional if for giving advice.
The intonation pattern is indicated by the arrows.
Car owner: What should I doî if the engine fails to start? ì
Mechanic: Check if there is fuel in the tank. î
Car owner: And if there is fuel in the tank. ì
Mechanic: Then you should check î if the battery is all right. î
Act. Two (p.84)
You can suggest different situations to your students wherein they will practise the language
exponents suggested in the activity.
Act. Three (p.84)
A) words Pronunciation B) words Pronunciation
Psychology
Democracy
Philosophy
Responsibility
Technological
/sak.l.d¯./
/dm.kr.s./
/fl.s.f./
/r.·sp.nsb.l.t./
/·teknlod¯.kl/
Solution
Television
Realistic
Static
aeronautics
/slu:©n/
/telv.¯n/
/·r.l.st.k/
/`st.t.k/
/·e.rn.t.ks/
expands,
.`.`.`5455
The rules for word stress
1; Stress on first syllable
Most two-syllable nouns and adjectives have stress on the first syllable.
2. Stress on last syllable
Most two-syllable verbs have stress on the last syllable.
3.Stress on penultimate syllable (second from the end):
Words ending in ‘ic’ , ‘tion’, and ‘sion
4. Stress on ante-penultimate syllable (third from the end):
Words ending in ‘cy’, ‘ty’, ‘phy’; ‘gy’
5. Polysyllabic words (words with many syllables)
These usually have more than one stress, i.e., primary and secondary stress. Often such words
contain a prefix ( as with ‘inter’ and ‘anti’ in international and antibiotic). This is common with
many long technical words.
6. Compound words (words with two parts)
If the compound is a noun, the stress goes on the first part : e;G;, greenhouse , blackbird.
If the compound is an adjective, the stress goes on the second part; e.g., bad-tempered, oldfashioned
If the compound is a verb , the stress goes on the second part, e.g., understand, overlook.
WORKING WITH WITH WORDS (p.85)
Act. One (p.85)
The activity can be assigned as a homework. The homework will be checked in class and the
final product can be a classroom wall sheet. You can add another activity to consolidate further
the use of the suffixes.
Act. Two(p.85)
Crossword puzzle p.85
Across
a-psychology -b-mathematics -c-zoology
d-astronomy -e-biology –f ecology -g-chemisty
f-5657
LISTENING AND SPEAKING (86 -88)
DEVELOPING SKILLS (p.86)
Act. One
a- The advert addresses high school graduates.
b- “Open Day” is the day when the university is open for visit by high
school graduates who are interested to join the university.
Act. Two (p.86)
Across
a- The speakers are Jamel and Maya who are high school students.
b- Jamel.
c- He starts as follows: “I feel like going”.
d- Jamel wants to visit the faculty of medicine.
e- Maya wants to visit the faculty of civil engineering because she isn’t
interested in visiting the faculty of medicine.
Down
Physics
YOUR TURN ( p.87)
Go through the tip box to consolidate further the use of the language exponents for asking for and giving
advice.
Act. One
Simulate the model dialogue before setting your students to task. Make them use the language
exponents and the strategies in the tip box.
WRITE IT UP (p.88)
Act. One (p. 88)
Go through the tip box before you move on to the writing activity proper.
A letter for seeking advice
A suggested letter to an “agony aunt”:
Dear Dr Wells,
I’m writing to you to seek advice. My name is Omar and I’m a secondary school student. I can’t
make up my mind about a personal problem.
I’ll sit for the baccalaureate exam soon. I’ll certainly succeed, but my parents are old and are in
need of financial help. I would really like to help them. However, If I do so, I will have to give up
my dream of becoming a doctor . In short I am in a dilemma. On the one hand, If I decide to help,
I will have to renounce to my registration at the university. On the other hand, if I don’t, I’ll feel
guilty of not helping my family. I have no one to turn to. What should/can I do ?
Sincerely,
“Miserable”
pp.5657
Act. Two(p.88)
Brainstorm the topic with your students. They can suggest different pieces of advice. Jot them on
the board and let them agree on one of them. For example, they can suggest registration at the
UFC (Evening University). This will allow ‘miserable’ the possibility of working during the day.
This is one way of working one’s way through college/university.
READING AND WRITING (89-91)
Act. One (p.89)
The students will try to answer the questions in the captions by helping themselves with the
illustrations ( figures).
Act. Two (p.89)
a. Yes, it shows the balloons moving away from one and other. The illustration helps in
understanding the word “repel” in the text. It also helps to visualise the whole experiment.
b. Yes, I have used my knowledge in physics. Using background knowledge helps in
understanding texts.
c. The answer to the first part of the question may be yes or no depending on the students’
background knowledge. As regards the second part of the question, the answer is no.
Act. Three (p. 90)
Fig.2: It illustrates the result of the experiment : unlike charges attract. The balloons are attracted
to the rod. They are negatively charged whereas the rod is positively charged.
Act. Four (p.90)
5-Captions:
3: A negatively charged balloon adheres to an uncharged wall.
4: A positively charged balloon also adheres to such a wall.
WRITE IT OUT ( p.91)
Brainstorm the topic with your students. Jot down ideas on the board and then let the students
complete the letter in their own way. Pay attention to the layout of the letter.
WHERE DO WE GO FROM HERE ? (p.94)
Skills check
Make your own test to check your students’ performance in the reading and writing skills. A
model has been given to you in the previous units.
Figure.
Unit five
pp.5859
OBJECTIVES
5859
PREVIEW (p. 98)
Go through the preview to acquaint the students with the end-of-the unit objectives. Discuss the
type of project work your students will carry out.
THINK IT OVER (p.99)
Introduce the topic of the unit by asking some questions about the pictures included in the rubric.
WORDS TO SAY (p. 99)
The focus in this activity is on words containing silent letters. The words are related to the topic
of the unit. Read them aloud and make the students repeat the pronunciation of the words.
DISCOVERING LANGUAGE (100-105)
BEFORE YOU READ (p.100)
Interact with your students and elicit answers to the questions attached to the map. You can ask other
questions than the ones included in the textbook.
Some possible responses
Question: Where is the epicentre of the earthquake represented on the map?
Answer: A few kilometres off the Indonesian shore.
Question: Which areas are hit by the earthquake/ tidal waves?
Answer: Many countries in the region. The students can list different areas.
Question: How many people died?
Answer: More than one hundred thousand victims. The students can give the number of
casualties in each area. The information is on the map.
Question: When did the earthquake happen?
Answer: It occurd on December 26, 2004.
AS YOU READ (100-101)
Act. One (p.100)
The students will check the answers to the questions that they have not checked in Before you read
activity.
Act. two (p. 101)
a- The natural phenomenon of Tsunami was little known before December
26, 2004 because the victims did not belong to many nationalities and ethnic groups. Or because
it had not been given much publicity before .
b- Tsunami has become one of the most popular Japanese words because of the thousands of
T.V. channels which covered the disaster for more than a month.
c- No, it wasn’t the first time that a Tsunami had hit that region. It had already hit China twenty
years earlier.
d- The Tsunami of December 26, 2004 was special as its victims did not belong to one
nationality or religion.
pp.6061
AFTER READING (pp.101-102)
Grammar desk (p.101)
1- had hit- had recessed
2- was known-was universal
3- the past perfect tense
4- the simple past tense
Refer the students to the Grammar refernce n° 12 to consolidate further the use of the past
perfect and the past simple.
PRACTICE (p. 102)
Both the past simple and past perfect are sometimes possible.
a. My husband and I wept when we (had) heard/heard the terrible news.
b. The world had never known such a disaster before.
c. It was the first time that an earthquake of such a magnitude had hit our country.
d. People had stayed outdoors until the local authorities told them to go back into their
homes.
e. Many people had died before the paramedics arrived.
f. Old people told us that our country had already experienced such a catastrophe.
g. By the time the fire brigade arrive, our house had burnt out.
h. I had just switched on TV to watch the news when the flood came in.
I. The house which he had built twenty times earlier was in fire.
Act. Two (p.102)
China- the Chinese ; France- The French ; Wales- The Welsh ;
Japan- The Japanese; Ireland- The Irish; The Spain- The Spaniards
Burma- The Burmese; The Netherlands- The Dutch
Switzerland- The Swiss ; Sweden- The Swede
Act. Three (p.102)
Example
The people from Japan hadn’t suffered much from the tsunami.
The Japanese hadn’t suffered much from the tsunami.
a. The tsunami hadn’t distinguished between the poor and the rich.
b. The injured and the sick were taken to hospital.
c. Aid agencies gave food and water to the hungry and thirsty.
d. Th homeless were sheltered in tents.
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WRITE IT RIGHT (p.103)
Brainstorm the topic with your students. Here are some ideas which can help you. When we write
a narrative, we generally start by setting the scene. At this stage, we generally use the past
simple and past continuous. e.g., It was in 1989. It was in summer. It was early in the morning.
The breeze was blowing ...
Once the scene is set. Mention an event that interrupts or disturbs the
scene ( eg., Suddenly an earthquake shook out our building) and narrate or describe what was
happening. ...
Your students will write about their own personal experiences with catastrophes.
SAY IT ALOUD AND CLEAR (p.104)
The rule for stress in compound words is as follows.
If the compound word is a noun, the stress goes on the first part; e.g.,
greenhouse - blackbird.
If the compound is an adjective, the stress goes on the second part; e.g.,
Old-fashioned - sweet-tongued
If the compound is a verb the stress goes on the second part; e.g.,
understand - overlook
However, in connected speech, compound words are subject to stress shift when a stressed
syllable follows closely.
( From Christiane Dalton and Barbara Seildlhoffer, Pronunciation, (Oxford University Press
2000, p.103)
Once upon a time there was a little red-haired and blue-eyed girl who was loved by all who
knew her. She was called Little Red Riding Hood. One day her mother told her to take some
sweet-smelling cakes to her grandmother who was living in the woods, but not to go into bypaths.
That was dangerous.
When Little Red Riding Hood reached the woods, she met a funny-looking and bad-smelling
wolf . Naturally, Little Red Riding Hood did not know what a wicked animal the wolf was! She
thought that it was kind-hearted. So she listened to it when it told her to pick up some bluebells
and daffodils for her grandmother.
While Little Red Riding Hood was picking flowers, the wolf entered her grandmother’s house
and ate her up. Then he put on her grandmother’s night gown and night cap and went into the
bedroom. When Little Red Riding Hood got to her grandmother’s house, she found the door
wide open. Obviously something was wrong. Even her grandmother was odd-looking.
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Act. Two (p. 104)
The rules are included in activity one. It has to be observed that there are some exceptions to the
rules. For example, compound words are subject to stress shift when a stressed syllable follows
closely. It is the case of red-haired and blue-eyed in red-haired and blue-eyed girl. Please
explain the stress shift in compound words before moving on to the next activity. (Cf. Daniel
Jones, Cambridge English Pronouncing Dictionary 16 th Edition, p. 111)
Discuss with your students about how compound words with adjectives are formed and on which
word stress normally falls.
Act. Three (p.104)
“Ohì grandmothershe saidî, ‘what big ears you have !” ì
“ The better to hear you with, my dear,” said the wolfî.
“ Grandmother, what big eyes you have!”ì
“The better to see you with .”î
“Grandmother, what big teeth you have!”ì
“The better to eat you with!”ì
And the wolf jumped out of bed ìand swallowed up Little Red Riding Hoodî. A huntsman saved
Little Red Riding Hood î
and her grandmother by cutting out the wolf’s stomachî. They both lived happily ever afterî.
Act. Four (104)
The students will form as many words as they can. e.g., big-eyed - left-handed
big-headed; good-mannered; left-handed; blue-eye ; dark-skinned; old-fashioned; hardworking;
black-haired ; fast-moving ... Please remind the students of stress shift in compound
words in connected speech.
WORKING WITH WORDS (p. 105)
The examples are not necessarily the ones included in this key.
a.My grandfather fell off the ladder the other day when he was painting the kitchen. Fortunately,
he didn’t hurt himself /Unfortunately, he broke his arm. /Obviously, he didn’t know that it was
dangerous for a man of his age to climb up the ladder.
b. When Zohra first went to live in England, her English was very poor. Gradually, she started
learning to speak English . Naturally, she met some problems in speaking English at first.
î,” 6263
c. I left no stone unturned in my search for my missing keys. Eventually, I found them under
the mattress./Strangely enough, they were in my pocket.
d. She was shouting and knocking at her neighbour’s door. Suddenly, a dog jumped out of the
window and bit one of her legs. Surprisingly, no one heard her even though she was sure
her neighbours were at home.
e. As the woman came down the stairs, she slipped. Said, immediately,
phoned for an ambulance.
f. He lived up to the age of 120 years. Sadly, he did not live to see his grandchildren.
Act. Two (p.105)
KEY
Your students can write sentences containing other similes
a. He laughs like a hyena.
b. S/he is as hungry as a wolf.
c. She wouldn’t listen.She was like an ostrich with its head in the sand.
d. They clung to the tree branches, as agile as monkeys.
Act.Three (p.105)
KEY
a. She is a rose . b. The moon was a ship tossed upon a cloudy sea.
Act. Four (p.105)
Organise a talent show. You can assign the activity as a homework. The students will use the
poem in the textbook as a model.
LISTENING AND SPEAKING (106 -108)
DEVELOPING SKILLS
Act. One (p.106)
a- The authors of the collection of stories are the Brothers Grimm.
b- The story represented on the book cover is a folktale entitled: “Four
Friends”.
c- The purpose of the jacket blurb is to give a summary of the contents of
the book in order to attract readers/potential buyers.
pp.6465
Act. Two (p.106)
Pause and ask questions to elicit responses. The students will check their predictions as you
resume the narration of the story.
Act. Three (p.106)
Possible summary
The animals decided to leave their homes because they were afraid of being killed by their
masters.They went to the great city to turn musicians. On their way there, they reached a house in
which robbers lived . They frightened the robbers away. The four friends took possession of the
house and the food. Then, they decided to go to the city. During the day, they sang their songs of
wisdom. At night, they came back home to rest. They lived together happily until their death.
e.The moral of the folktale is that robbers never succeed in their enterprise, and honest people do
even when they are old.
YOUR TURN (p. 107)
Go through the tip box before you move on to the activities.
Act. One (p.107)
Simulate the dialogue and brainstorm the topic ( e.g., eliciting the titles of their favourite sciencefiction
films and books.)before you set your students to task.
Act. Two
Simulate dialogues to illustrate what you expect of your students in terms of production. The
model in the textbook can serve as a model.
WRITE IT UP (p.108)
Brainstorm the guidelines before the students move on to the writing activity.
The stories included in the script and those in the rubric of Exploring matters further can serve
as models.
READING AND WRITING (pp.109- 111)
Act. One (p.109)
The questions and answers that your students will produce are not necessarily the ones included
in this key.
1-Wh- questions using a newspaper lead-in:
Q:How many people died and how many were injured in the accident?
6465
A: Two people died and nine were injured.
Q:Where did the road accident happen?
A:It happened near Boudouaou.
Q:When did it happen?
A:It happened on/ lastTuesday.
Q:Why did it happen?
A:It happened because the motorist heading to Boudouaou was phoning while he was overtaking
a bus.
Q:Who inquired about the accident?
A:Gendarmerie officers did.
Act. Two (p. 109)
KEY
The answers will not necessarily be formulated in the same way as in this key. The important
thing at this stage is the discussion . The students will check their answers with the information in
the tip box on page 110.
a-Yes, because the rest of the article develops further the information given in the lead-in, which
is only a summary of the news item.
b-Yes, the picture shows a collision between a lorry and a car. We can, therefore, visualise the
accident.
c-The writer reports both facts and opinions. S/he does so in order to
explain the reason why the accident happened. The facts are there, we can’t change them, but the
author’s opinion can be questioned on the basis of the background knowledge that the
readers/students might have about the different actors and the cirmcumstances in which the
accident happened.
d-Yes, I am. The couple described is sympathetic and was not all responsible for the the accident.
Act. Three (p.110)
First, go through the tip box to check the students’ answers in activity two. Then brainstorm the
topic, elicit other ideas and jot them on the board. The students will develop the relevant jottings.
WRITE IT OUT (p.111)
Act. One (p.111)
Statements by the motorists and eyewitnesses
b-The motorist was not wearing his seatbelt when the accident happened.
c-While she was driving, the bus driver was talking to one of the passengers.
d-I was checking the wing mirror when the lorry hit me from behind.
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e-While I was turning slowly into a narrow street, the pedestrian
jumped in front of my car.
Statements by the traffic police officer
a-As soos as I arrived at the scene of the accident, I made the traffic move.
b-The paramedics had taken the victims to hospital before I arrived.
c-After I had questioned some witnesses, I took some photos of the damaged
vehicles.
d- I hadn’t written my report until I questioned the eyewitnesses.
e-When I had finished questioning the eyewitnesses, I went to hospital to question the injured
motorists.
Act. Two (p. 111)
The students will use the newspaper article in As you read rubric as a model. They will also get
inspiration from the first activity on page 111.
A possible answer
An accident happened yesterday. A pedestrian was hurt by a car. As soon as I arrived at the scene
of the accident, I made the traffic move. The paramedics had taken the victim to hospital before I
arrived. “While the car was turning slowly into a narrow street, the pedestrian jumped in front of
the car” an eyewitness said. When I finished questioning the witnesses, I went to hospital to
question the victims. ...
WHERE DO WE GO FROM HERE ? (p.113)
Skills check (p.113)
Follow the models provided in the previous units.
Unit six
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OBJECTIVES
6869
PREVIEW (p.118)
Go through the preview to make the students aware of the main objectives of the unit. Then
brainstorm the project work with your students and let them decide what type of project they will
carry out.
THINK IT OVER (p. 119)
Interact with your students using the pictures. The interaction about the pictures will serve as an
entry into the topic of the unit.
WORDS TO SAY (p. 119)
The focus of this activity is on the pronunciation of the -ed inflection. Make sure your students
repeat the words in the checklist. All the words are related to the topic of the unit.
DISCOVERING LANGUAGE (120-125)
BEFORE YOU READ (p. 120)
The answers to the questions will not necessarily be formulated in the same way as in this key.
The first symbol represents a crescent; the second a cross; the third
symbol is a diamond. (The International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent societies
is still discussing whether to adopt the diamond as an alternative common symbol). Refer to the
text of the textbook on page 135 for further information about the Red Cross and Red Crescent
societies.
b-They represent the different organizations which bring relief to people in need.
c- No, people who work for these organizations are volunteers.
d- They operate in situations in which people are in need of help. (natural
disasters such as earthquakes, floods...).
f-They fulfill the following duties:
(1)fund raising
(3) collecting food aids
(4)helping with medical care
(6)providing assisstance in emergency situations
AS YOU READ (p.120)
2- a- The report is about Youth charity
b- The author writes about the findings/results in the second(2) paragraph.
-S/He writes/ gives the interpretation in the third (3) paragraph.
c- The reporter used the word “interestingly” to show his/her surprise at the
the unexpected results of the survey.
pp.6869
d- No, it doesn’t. The data gathered by Youth 2010 show that young
people are more thoughtful than they were thought to be by their parents.
AFTER READING (121- 123)
Grammar desk (p. 121)
1- The tenses used in the reporter’s questionnaire are the present perfect and the past simple.
2- The past perfect tense is used in the report.
3- Yes, there is a shift from the present perfect and the past simple tenses to the past perfect tense
because the reporter reports indirectly what was said by the informants.
4- said (to say); told (to tell)
PRACTICE (122-123)
Act. One (p.122)
Example:
You: What did the interviewer ask Bill Gates?
Your partner: S/He asked him when he had started Microsoft.
You:And what did he say?
Your partner: He said/told him that...
The interview
You: What did the interviewer ask him?
Your partner: S/He asked him where he had grown up.
You: And what did he answer?
Your partner: He said that he had grown up in Seattle, Washington.
You: What did the interviewer ask him?
Your partner: S/He asked him where he had discovered his interest in Software.
You: And what did he say?
Your partner: He answered that he had discovered his interest in Software at the private
Lakeside School.
You: What did the interviewer ask him?
Your partner: S/He asked him when he had begun computer programming.
You: And what did he answer?
Your partner: He answered that he had begun computer programmingat the age of 13.
pp.
pp.7071
You: What did the interviewer ask him?
Your partner: S/He asked him when he had entered Harvard University.
You: And what did he answer?
Your partner: He said that he had entered Harvard University in 1973.
You: What did the interviewer ask him?
Your partner: S/He asked him if had developed the first computer there.
You: And what did he answer?
Your partner: He answered that he had developed it there.
You: What did the interviewer ask him?
Your partner: S/He asked him how long he had been Head of Microsoft.
You: And what did he answer?
Your partner: He said that he had been Head of Microsoft for more than 20 years.
You: What did the interviewer ask him?
Your partner: S/He asked him why he had set up the Bill Gates Foundation.
You: And what did he answer?
Your partner: He answered he had always been thoughtful about others.That’s why he had
done it.
You: What did the interviewer ask him?
Your partner: S/He asked him how much money he had donated that year.
You: And what did he answer?
Your partner: He said that he had donated $3.2 million.
You: What did the interviewer ask him?
Your partner: S/He asked him which charities he had supported so far.
You: And what did he answer?
Your partner: He answered he had supported organizations working in the field of health and
learning.
You: What did the interviewer ask him?
Your partner: S/He asked him if his wife had helped him.
You: And what did he answer?
Your partner: He said that she had helped him.
Act. Two (p. 123)
a- Albert Einstein doubts whether present-day Americans have become any happier since
their grandparents settled in the country.
7071
-Albert Einstein doubted whether present-day Americans had
become any happier since their grandparents settled in the country.
b- John Donne writes that no man is an island.
- John Donne wrote that no man was/is an island.
c- - Bertrand Russel says that three passions have governed his life:
the longing for love, the search for knowledge, and an unbearable
pity for the suffering of mankind.
- Bertrand Russel said that three passions had governed his
life: the longing for love, the search for knowledge, and an
unbearable pity for the suffering of mankind.
WRITE IT RIGHT (p.123)
Have the students read the pie chart. Then ask questions to elicit information from the chart. Make sure
you use the reporting verbs in the yellow box. Move on to the writing activity once you feel that they can
do it. The text on page 120 of the textbook will serve as a model.
SAY IT LOUD AND CLEAR (p.124)
Act. One (p.124)
The silent letters in the poem are written in bold type. Read the poem and get the students to
repeat it. The poem is by Rudyard Kipling.
- honest - – knew
The silent letters in the dialogues are written in bold.
You: I beg your pardon. did you say ?
Your partner: I said, “ One autumn day a column of condenmned prisoners solemnly along
singing hymns”.
You: I beg your pardon. did you say ?
Your partner: He said, “The knocked the knave on his knuckles with a knotted knob. He
knew he knelt on his knees, he had a knife in his knitted knickers.”
Act. Two (p.
12)
when knights What marched What who where when why what taught
7273
Pronunciation Spelling Pronunciation Spelling
Report
Famine
Doctor
Writing
Wednesday
Cut
cute
WORKING WITH WORDS (p.124)
Act. One (p. 125)
a-The thief admitted that he had stolen the bag.
b-The mother prayed/begged the doctor to save her son.
c-She apologized for being late.
d-She ordered him to go there.
e-He suggested to go out for a walk.
f-She advised her girlfriend to consult a doctor.
g-She blamed him/her for breaking the vase.
h-Leila agreed that the flowers were really beautiful.
Act. Two (p.125)
Go through the rest of the reporting verbs in activity one. Then get your students to imagine
situations like those in activity and to report what is said using the reporting verbs. This can be
done either in class or at home.
LISTENING AND SPEAKING (126 - 128)
Act one (p. 126)
Let the students interact and to decide on the correct order. Don’t correct their responses at this
stage.
Number -1- -2- -3- -4-
Letter b c d a
Act. Two(p. 126)
Students check their answers.
Act. Three (p.126)
The mistake consists of adding to the idiom had better and had better not.
The correct answers are in script n° 6, on page 184 of the textbook.
pp.
Starve
cupboard
Listen 7273
YOUR TURN (p. 127)
Go through the tip box to consolidate further the expressions used in asking for and giving
advice.
Act. (p.127)
The students will use the cues to ask for and give advice. There are many possibilities.
Before an earthquake
You:What should I do before an earthquake?
Your partner: You’d better have an earthquake survival kit at hand.
Other suggestions:
You’d better know how to turn off gas, water and electricity.
You’d better plan emergency procedures.
You’d better make plans to keep your family together.
You’d better know emergency telephone numbers (doctor, hospital…).
You:What shouldn’t I do before an earthquake?
Your partner: You’d better not anchor objects like bookcases and kitchen
units to walls.
Other suggestions:
You’d better not place objects over beds.
After an earthquake
You:What should I do after an earthquake?
Your partner: You’d better check for injuries.
Other suggestions:
You’d better provide first aid.
You’d better check for building damage and potential problems during
aftershocks.
You’d better clean up dangerous spills.
You’d better wear shoes.
You’d better turn on the radio and listen for instructions from public safety
agencies.
You’d better use telephone for emergency only.
WRITE IT UP (p.128)
Act. One (p. 128)
Go through the tip box before moving on to activity two.
Act. Two (p. 128)
7475
Refer the students to activity one in Your turn rubric page 127. They may get inspiration from
the cues. The answer to this activity is not necessarily the one given in this key.
ANNOUNCEMENT
Dear citizen,
Our town is situated in an earthquake zone. We can’t do anything to stop earthquakes, but we
should see to it that safety measures are taken in order to limit the loss of human life and material
damage.
Before an earthquake, we’d better not place objects over bed because they may fall over family
members and injure them. ...
During the earthquake, we’d better not panic and away in all directions, for we can be injured or
killed . We’d better stand in a doorway or crouch under a desk or a table, stay well away from
windows or glass dividers, for our safety. ...
After an earthquake we’d better provide first aid because family members and neighbours may be
injured. ...
READING AND WRITING ( pp.129 -131)
Act One (p.129)
Interact with your students. The picture is supposed to have been taken after the earthquake that
shook Bourmedes in 2003. Don’t correct your students’ guesses at this stage.
Act. Two (p.129)
The women are taking food to their neighbours because the latter have lost their homes.
Act. Three (p.130)
Great calamities can show the best in man. For instance, while I was covering, for my newspaper,
the earthquake in Boumerdes I met a group of women carrying plates of Kouskous. “Where are
they going all together like that?” I asked Rafik, my Algerian friend and translator. “They are
taking food to their neighbours who have lost their homes,” he replied. After a few minutes, he
added, “People have always helped each other over here. But this earthquake has considerably
increased that sense of neighbourliness”.
Act. Four (p.130)
KEY
The journalist asked Raffik where the women were going all together.
run 7475
Raffik replied that they were taking food to their neighbours who had lost their homes. He said
that people had always helped each other over there and he added that that earthquake had
considerably increased that sense of neighbourliness.
WRITE IT OUT (130-131)
Act. One (p. 130)
KEY
There are many possible answers. e.g.,
Some people think that we can reduce poverty in Africa by giving more food aid. Some others
believe that food aid is not the solution to starvation and malnutrition in Africa.
Act. Two (p.130)
Suggested answer
Some people think that we can reduce poverty in Africa by giving more food aid. This is totally
wrong. Billions of dollars are alredy spent on food aid and thousands of people are still dying
from hunger and famine. I believe that ... (Students will develop the relevant notes to support this
second opinion.)
The irrelevant notes are as follows:
- Africa has long history/culture
- music beautiful
WHERE DO WE GO FROM HERE ? (p.133)
Skills check (p.133)
TEXT SEVEN (p.134) SOLIDARITY IN NATURAL DISASTERS
READING COMPREHENSION
QUESTION ONE
Read the statements from the text and select the answer about what they imply:
1. Global warming will increase the occurrence. As a result …
A. disasters are not limited to specific regions.
B. Desertification will decrease .
C. It is necessary to promote a culture of prevention.
D. There will be more storms, floods and droughts.
(Key: The correct answer is D.)
2. Natural disasters are man-made to a large extent. Therefore …
A. It is necessary to control population growth, movements and displacements.
B. Solidarity is essential for people to survive.
pp.7677
C. Earthquakes will necessarily lead to chaos.
D. Unemployment will increase with natural disasters.
(Key: The correct answer is A.)



lucky girl 24
lucky girl 24
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تاريخ الميلاد : 08/11/1989
العمر : 31
الموقع : guelma

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